Learning In Year Three at West Earlham Junior

Autumn Term

In the autumn term we learn about life in Stone Age Britain.


The two areas of science we will be learning about are about how animals get their food, and about different types of rock, including how fossils are formed.

We will learn;

  • That animals, including humans need the right types and amount of nutrition
  • That animals get nutrition from what they eat
  • That humans and some animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.
  • How fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock.
  • To compare different types of rock based on their properties
  • To recognise that soil is made from rock and organic matter.

Fossils and Rocks

Here are some videos and information from BBC Bitesize about Fossils and Rocks:

How are fossils made?

What can we learn from fossils?

What is soil made from?

What is a rock?

Fossils and Rocks BBC Activity Lesson

Wooly Mammoths

Top Facts about the West Runton Mammoth

This is a great site to explore from the Natural History Museum in London:

The Natural History Museum

Animals and Nutrition

Animals, including humans, get nutrition from what they eat. To be healthy animals need the right type and the right amount of food.

Why animals need a healthy diet.

Food chains

A Healthy Human Diet

The British Nutrition Foundation has lots of information and ideas about a healthy diet: Healthy diet Information

The Skeleton  

Some animals, including humans have a skeleton and muscles for support, protection and movement.

What does the skeleton do?

How do your muscles work?

Muscles working together

There is more information about the skeleton here, including a diagram with the names of the bones. We will be learning some of these  in school:

Structure of the skeleton


We will learn about locating countries and cities and places on a map of the UK and that people settle where there are natural resources for them to use.

We will learn:

  • To use maps and atlases to locate the countries and capitals of the UK
  • To use maps and atlases to locate the Orkney Islands and Skara Brae
  • What natural resources are
  • About the natural resources the early farmers needed to make a settlement

Locating Places on a Map

Mapping the world

Countries and Cities of the UK

Natural Resources

Natural Resources activity lesson

Natural Resources


Types of settlement

Skara Brae- Who were the first farmers?

Living in remote places

Information on Skara Brae and Orkney

Skara Brae Facts!


The focus of learning in history is the change from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. We will be learning about the late Neolithic hunter-gatherers and the early farmers of Skara Brae in the Orkney Islands.

We will learn:

  • When the Stone Age and Iron Age were
  • How the hunter gatherers lived in Britain
  • Some of the reasons why people began farming
  • About the technology that the early farmers used
  • What a primary source is in history

What is a primary source? Primary sources are the raw material of history. They may be the leftovers or relics of the past- for example a building or a stone axe,  or may be records of what happened, made by people at the time, for example the diary of Anne Frank or a newspaper. Primary sources may have been preserved deliberately or by chance.

Historians use primary sources to find the evidence to answer their questions about the past.

What was prehistoric Britain like?

How did hunter gatherers live?

How did Iron Age people Live?

Some longer clips with more information on how Prehistoric people lived in Britain presented by an archeologist:

Stone Age Farming and Homes

Ancient Voices- Prehistoric Britain

Here is some more detailed information about Stone Age tools from the Smithsonian museum. Have a look at the website; it has so many interesting pages to look at.

Stone Age Tools

West Earlham Junior School
Scarnell Road, Norwich NR5 8HT

Telephone: 01603 454569
Email: office@westearlhamjunior.norfolk.sch.uk

Headteacher: Mrs Catrin Parry-Jones
School Business Manager – Mrs Beverley Savage